Gin described as a distilled beverage with a flavor derived from so called Juniper Berries, Junipers Communis, which is actually not a real berry but a cone. While different styles of Gin has existed since the dawn of the drink Gin is usually divided into two large categories, these are known as distilled gin, made in the traditional way, and compound gin, which is never re-destilled but simply flavored and not as highly regarded as distilled gin.
The minimum alcohol volume by volume level of European Gin is 37.5% while in the US the minimum is 40%. The most popular Gin today is London dry gin, which is a kind of distilled gin, which, in addition to all the usual ingredients, is distilled in the presence of a large variety of different spices such as lemon, anise, licorice, cinnamon, dragon eye and a lot more. Juniper berries has been thought from ancient times to have special medical powers, in the 11th century, Italian monks tried to use Gin as a remedy for bubonic plague.
The word Gin is a derivation of the French word for Juniper – genévrier, it is commonly believed that the word has its roots in the name for the Swiss city of Geneva, this is wrong. Gin did not become popular in England until the Dutch king known as William of Orange seized the British throne, although during this time most of the gin found in stores was of very low quality and often flavored with turpentine, a type of oil.
The drink became even more popular in England when the government decided to impose large taxes on all imported alcoholic beverages and at the same time allowed unlicensed gin to be produced. During the time of unlicensed gin production in England, gin became six times as popular as beer and out of the 15000 drinking establishments in London, more than half were gin-shops.